University of Utah
Geology and Geophysics
GEO Course Descriptions
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University of Utah

General Catalog Fall 2012
Posted Mar 02, 2012

Disclaimer: The course information below is current as of Mar 02, 2012, is intended for informational purposes only, and does not constitute a legal contract between the University of Utah and any person or entity.

This Web document is updated twice a year, on or about the first day of registration for Fall and Spring semesters.


1000  Natural Disasters: Hollywood vs. Reality (3) Fulfills Physical/Life Science Exploration.
   Earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, tsunamis, hurricanes, meteorite impacts, and global climate change are among the natural disasters that can devastate civilizations and alter the course of world history. This course explores the physical causes, effects and social consequences of such events. Several recent natural disasters are examined in depth to analyze the processes responsible for them and how that understanding translates into public policy and governmental response, for better of worse.

1001  Energy Resources in a Sustainable World (3) Cross listed as MET E 1001, ENVST 1001, GEOG 1001. Fulfills Physical/Life Science Exploration.
   Energy is an important resource at all levels of social development. Course examines the dependency of societies on energy resources and the interaction between social goals, technology, economics, environmental concerns, and energy resources. Fossil fuels, nuclear energy, and renewable energy resources are discussed. Natural laws, the scientific method, and the application of technology are presented in the context of energy production and efficiency of utilization. Environmental pollution and energy conservation are stressed. Importance of energy resources in sustaining the world population, improving the quality of life, and assisting developing countries is also discussed.

1010  Exploring Earth (3) Fulfills Physical/Life Science Exploration.
   Past, present, and future earth investigated through study of earth materials and composition, active internal and surface processes, natural resources, and geologic hazards. Human impact on, and relationship to, the natural earth as illustrated by relevant environmental issues and global climate change. Emphasizes the interactive and dynamic nature of the scientific method.

1020  Fossils and Life History (3)
   Exploration of the dynamic history of life on Earth for the past three billion years, as revealed by the tangible evidence of the fossil record. The interplay of geology, biology, and chemistry is examined in order to decipher the long, complex history of life, from the origin of the most primitive organisms to the emergence of humankind.

1030  Earthquakes and Volcanoes (3) Fulfills Physical/Life Science Exploration.
   Occurrence, characteristics, and processes of earthquakes and volcanic eruptions on a global scale interpreted in terms of plate tectonics. Scientific and social aspects of living in earthquake and volcano country. Case histories from the western United States and elsewhere.

1040  The World of Dinosaurs (3) Cross listed as BIOL 1006. Fulfills Physical/Life Science Exploration.
   Dinosaurs are the most celebrated fossil organisms. These remarkably diverse and successful animals inhabited every major continent, persisted more than 150 million years, and evolved numerous bizarre forms of varying body sizes. This course presents an overview of the major dinosaur groups and places them into temporal, biogeographic, and ecological context. Topics include modes of preservation, feeding adaptations, social behavior, evolution, extinction, and the origin of birds. Dinosaurs are also used as a vehicle to introduce the scientific method.

1050  National Parks: Geology Behind the Scenery (3) Fulfills Physical/Life Science Exploration.
   Examining and understanding the natural geologic processes that have built and shaped our country's national parks, national monuments, national recreation areas, and national seashores.

1060  Global Environmental Change and Natural Resources (3)
   The evolution of the lithosphere, hydrosphere and atmosphere on Earth for the past 4.6 billion years using principles of physics, chemistry, biology, and geology. The impact of society on this background of change will be assessed to make quantitative predictions regarding the direction and magnitude of global environmental changes and natural resource availability in the coming centuries. Discussion of public policy questions and current affairs. Two field trips.

1090  Mars for Earthlings (3) Prerequisite: High School Algebra Fulfills Physical/Life Science Exploration.
   Explore the red planet Mars and interpret its history by comparing it to the Earth. Understand why Earth is a water planet and what evidence there is for water on Mars. Rind out about recent international Mars missions and how scientists try to determine if there is Martian life.

1110  Introduction to Earth Systems (3)
   Overview of Earth materials, structure, history and processes from a systems perspective. Methods of geological observation and measurement, and their applications to problems in science and engineering. Must also register for GEO 1115.

1115  Laboratory for Introduction to Earth Systems (1)
   GEO 1110 accompanying laboratory.

1220  Earth History (3) Prerequisites: GEO 1110, 1111 or equivalent.
   Physical and biological history of the earth; development of interactions between the biosphere, lithosphere, and atmosphere; development of major structural and stratigraphic features, introduction to classification of organisms, and to the fossil record.

1340  Architecture of the Earth (3) Fulfills Physical/Life Science Exploration.
   Structure and composition of the Earth and the processes that shape it, deduced from geological observation and measurement. Applications of this knowledge to locating and characterizing energy and mineral resources, and to identifying and mitigating geological hazards.

3010  Geophysics (3) Prerequisite: MATH 1220. Co-requisite: GEO 3080. Recommended Prerequisite: PHYCS 2220. Fulfills Quantitative Intensive BS.
   Applications of physical principles to solid-earth dynamics and solid-earth structure, at both the scale of global tectonics and the smaller scale of subsurface exploration. Acquisition, modeling, and interpretation of seismic, gravity, magnetic, and electrical data in the context of exploration, geological engineering, and environmental problems. Two lectures, one lab weekly.

3030  Living with Earthquakes and Volcanoes (3) Fulfills International Requirement.
   Where and why do earthquakes and volcanic eruptions occur today? How do local cultural attitudes and economic conditions affect the local consequences of earthquakes and volcanoes? The concept of plate tectonics explains global patterns of earthquakes and volcanic eruptions. Hazards, prediction, and societal impacts are considered, using examples from many countries.

3060  Structural Geology and Tectonics (3) Recommended Prerequisite: MATH 1220 AND PHYCS 2210. Fulfills Quantitative Intensive BS.
   Fundamentals of rock deformation and applications to petroleum geology, mining, and geological engineering; mechanics of rock flow, fracture and folding; geometric techniques of structural analysis; introduction to tectonics. Field trips required. Two lectures, one lab weekly.

3070  Mineralogy and Petrology for Engineers (2) Prerequisites: GEO 1110 AND 1115 OR Equivalent.
   Introduction to physical and chemical properties and the origins of common rocks and minerals. Practical skills for identification, classification, and description in the field. Overview of characteristic geologic settings and association in which economically significant rocks and minerals are found.

3075  Introduction to Geological Engineering (2) Recommended Prerequisite: MATH 1220 and CHEM 1220.
   Meets with GEO 5075. Role of geology in engineering; minerals; rocks; superficial deposits; rocks and soils as engineering materials; hydrologic influences; geological engineering aspects of underground excavations, slopes, reservoirs, and dam sites. Geologic exploration of engineering sites; rock mass characterization per ISRM Suggested Methods on rock cores and outcrops; rock mass classifications and their use in empirical design. Stereonets, geometric constructions and slope stability calculations with stereonets. Includes field trips, labs and a design experience.

3080  Earth Materials I (4) Prerequisite: CHEM 1210. Fulfills Quantitative Intensive BS.
   Chemical and physical properties of Earth materials: solids (minerals and rocks) and liquids (water and magmas). Hand specimen identification of rock and ore-forming materials, problem solving, laboratory investigations, and computer exercises. Applications to geological, engineering, and environmental problems. Two lectures, two labs weekly. Field trip.

3090  Earth Materials II (3) Prerequisite: GEO 1110 and 3080 and MATH 1210.
   Texture, mineralogy, chemistry, classification, origin, and evolution of igneous, sedimentary, and metamorphic rocks. Laboratories consist of hand-specimen identification of rocks, problem-solving, computer exercises, and interpretation of petrogenetic suites of rocks. Two lectures, one lab weekly.

3180  Paleobiology (3) Prerequisite: GEO 1110.
   Morphology, taxonomy, evolution, and stratigraphic distribution of fossil animals and plants. Two lectures, one lab weekly.

3200  Natural Disasters (3) Prerequisite: Upper division standing and a grade of C- or better in MATH 1050. Fulfills Comm/Wrtg & Quan BS & Phys/Life Sci Exploration.
   Physical causes, effects and societal response to natural disasters including floods, earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, hurricanes and tsunami. Actual natural disasters are studied in depth to understand the physical processes responsible for them and their effects. The focus is on laboratory studies of recent natural disasters in order to understand why they occur, what their consequences are, and how we can respond to minimize their impact.

3250  Geology and Scenery of Utah (2) Prerequisite: GEO 1000 or 1110. Fulfills Physical/Life Science Exploration.
   Physiography and geology of the Utah region. Development of geological features of Utah through time. Origin of rock sequences, economic products, landscape evolution, and mountain building from the perspective of plate tectonics. Evolution of geological exploration and geological thought to the present time.

3260  Geologic Field Trips in Utah (1) Co-requisite: GEO 3250. Fulfills Physical/Life Science Exploration.
   Field trips to view and describe geological characteristics of Utah including geological evolution of the state, natural hazards, and aspects of economic geology.

3300  The Water Planet (3) Fulfills Physical/Life Science Exploration.
   Why is Paris warmer than Boston in the winter? Is religion thicker than water? Is groundwater becoming deeper and saltier? This course will examine the physical and chemical properties of water in the context of societal problems and needs, and the role of water in shaping global climate and civilization. Important properties of water will be explored to understand topical issues. Class project is required. For non-science majors. Field trip.

3400  Computational and Field Methods in Applied Geology (3) Prerequisite: Introductory GEO course. Fulfills Upper Division Communication/Writing.
   Computer and field methods for solving applied geoscience problems. Develops the computer and field skills required to solve problems in landscape evolution, geologic hazards, land use and natural resources. Meets computer programming requirement for Geology, Geological Engineering, and Environmental Earth Science majors.

3500  Volcanism (3) Prerequisite: GEO 3090.
   A comprehensive study of volcanic phenomena, including volcanoes and plate tectonics; magma generation, differentiation and storage; rheology of magma; eruption style with focus on explosive volcanism; supervolcanoes; volcanic edifices and deposits; volcanic hazards; volcanoes and climate; volcanoes and society.

3800  The Oceans (3) Prerequisite: GEO 1010 or 1110. Fulfills Physical/Life Science Exploration.
   Origin and evolution of ocean basins, bottom sediments, physical and chemical properties of sea water, water masses, circulation of surface and deep waters, waves and tides, and life in the ocean.

3970  Senior Thesis (3)
   Introduction to research.

3980  Special Topics (1 to 3)
   Topics of special interest to undergraduate students.

4100  Petrography and Petrogenesis (3) Prerequisite: GEO 3080, 3090 or equivalent.
   Identification of minerals in igneous and metamorphic rocks in flat-stage thin sections by optical means. Textural relations between constituent minerals in rocks and their interpretation. Laboratories consist of studying rock slices in thin section using a petrographic microscope. Two lectures, one lab weekly.

4500  Field Methods (3) Prerequisite: GEO 3060. Recommended Prerequisite: GEO 5760. Fulfills Upper Division Communication/Writing.
   Practical field skills applicable to geological, geoengineering, and environmental studies developed through weekly field exercises in the Wasatch Front area. Results presented orally in class and/or in written reports targeted to a variety of potential users, including professional colleagues, government agencies, and the general public.

4510  Field Geology (4) Prerequisite: GEO 4500.
   Meets with GEO 4550. Geologic mapping and other types of field data collection in geologically varied areas in Utah and/or adjacent states, with applications to geological hazards, geological engineering, and hydrology. Includes three weeks of field work at various off-campus sites.

4550  Field Geology for Geological Engineering Majors (4) Prerequisite: GEO 3075, GEO 5350, and CVEEN 3310.
   Meets with GEO 4510. Field mapping of faults, scarps, mass wasting units, Quaternary deposits, fractures, folds, and bedrock. Preparation of geologic and contour maps, cross sections, stratigraphic, stereonet, and rose diagrams, and a profssional technial report. Discontinuities; rock mass classification; rock mass classifications in empirical design; esitmation of rock mass parameters; empirical design of a tunnel and an engineered slope in rock. Hydrologic characterization and engineering desing of a bottom-land wetland.

4900  Undergraduate Research (1 to 3)
   Student pursues research project under supervision of faculty adviser. May be used to fulfill 3000-level elective requirement.

4999  Honors Thesis/Project (3)
   Restricted to students in the Honors program working on an Honors degree.

5050  Geochronology (3) Prerequisite: GEO 1110 or instructor's consent.
   Theory and techniques of isotopic dating methods, and methods not based on radioactive decay. Includes problems with dating methods and application to specific geological and paleontological problems.

5060  Global Geophysics (3) Recommended Prerequisite: MATH 2250 and PHYCS 2220.
   Structure and dynamics of the Earth. Observations and deductions about the crust, mantle, and core. Lithospheric plates and their motions at present and in the past. Energy balances within the Earth. Two lectures, one lab weekly. Meets with GEO 6061.

5065  Advanced Structural Geology (3) Prerequisite: GEO 3060
   Meets with GEO 6060. Quantitative analysis of earth structures including two-and three-dimensional geometrical modeling, processes of brittle and ductile deformation, and response of rocks to static and dynamic stress fields. Applications to regional tectonics and landscape evolution, earthquake mechanics, hydrology-petroleum geology, engineering geology and mineral exploration. Two lectures, one lab per week.

5070  Tectonics of Orogenic Belts (3) Recommended Prerequisite: GEO 3060.
   Tectonic processes at active plate margins and their products in the geologic record. Focuses on current topics in tectonics research including interaction of solid-Earth processes with climate and landscape development. Case histories drawn from around the world. Meets with GEO 6070, 7070.

5075  Introduction to Geological Engineering (2) Prerequisite: MATH 1220, CHEM 1220.
   Meets with GEO 3075. Role of geology in engineering; minerals; rocks; superficial deposits; rocks and soils as engineering materials; hydrologic influences; geological engineering aspects of underground excavations, slopes, reservoirs, and dam sites. Geologic exploration of engineering sites; rock mass characterization per ISRM Suggested Methods on rock cores and outcrops; rock mass classifications and their use in empirical design. Stereonets, geometric constructions and slope stability calculations with stereonets. Includes field trips, labs and a design experience. Additional work required of graduate students. Meets with GEO 3075.

5110  Igneous Geodynamics (3) Recommended Prerequisite: GEO 4100.
   Application of elementary thermodynamics and fluid mechanics to the origin and evolution of planet Earth. Geochemical, isotopic, and geophysical constraints on igneous processes. The laboratory consists of petrographic examination of rocks in thin sections and computer modeling of igneous processes. Two lectures, one lab weekly.

5120  Geochemical Thermodynamics and Transport (3) Recommended Prerequisite: GEO 3090 and GEO 4100.
   Principles of geochemical thermodynamics and kinetics with application to solid, fluid, and gas phases and solutions of geologic interest. Fundamentals of geochemical reaction and transport with applications to processes of fluid-rock interaction in the Earth's crust. Two lectures, one lab weekly. Meets with GEO 6120, 7120.

5150  Geological Engineering Design (4) Prerequisite: MG EN 1050, 2400, 5150, CVEEN 2110, 2160, 3210, 3310, 3320, GEO 3075, 3400, 4500, 5350, 5360. Fulfills Quantitative Intensive BS.
   Comprehensive design experience in the field of geo-engineering, starting from the design of a site investigation and its cost estimate, and continuing with the analysis of site investigation data, and their use in students term project. Reliability-based design levels I, II and III, AASHTO LRFD as an example of design code. Slope stabilization methods, foundations on unstable slopes. Students prepare geotechnical and design reports, along with drawings in a "design studio" setting. Design process including the Environmental Impact Statement/Assessment, project formats. 2 2-hour lectures/labs with term project reviews or class design projects.

5160  Clay Mineral Geochemistry (3) Recommended Prerequisite: GEO 3080.
   Crystal chemistry, surface chemistry, and petrogenesis of clay minerals in geological environments. Instrumental methods used in characterizing clay minerals. Physical, chemical, and engineering properties of clay minerals applied to solute transport, waste isolation, and geological engineering design. Meets with GEO 6160, 7160.

5180  Paleoecology (3) Recommended Prerequisite: GEO 3180. Recommended Co-requisite: GEO 5760.
   Ecologic approach to the interpretation of fossil populations, communities, and the global biosphere throughout geological time. One one-week field trip. Meets with GEO 6180, 7180.

5190  Marine Geology (3) Prerequisite: GEO 3800.
   Bathymetry, origin, and evolution of ocean basins. Sedimentation in ocean basins. Marine stratigraphy and ocean history. Meets with GEO 6190, 7190.

5200  Depositional Environments (1.5) Recommended Prerequisite: GEO 3090.
   Meets with GEO 6200 and 7200. Physical and chemical factors related to deposition and lithification of sedimentary material; significant aspects of major sedimentary environments, with emphasis on interpretation and recognition. Three lectures weekly.

5210  Seismology I: Tectonophysics and Elastic Waves (3) Prerequisite: GEO 3010, MATH 2210. Recommended Prerequisite: MATH 3150.
   Continuum mechanics of Earth materials, tensor formulation of deformation and stress, fracture, flow, and rheology of the Earth materials; constitutive relationships; wave propagation, wave equations, reflection/refraction, travel time determinations. Introduction to analytic problem solving using computer tools. Meets with GEO 6211.

5211  Paleomagnetism (3) Prerequisite: Graduate standing required. Recommended Prerequisite: MATH 1220 and PHYS 2220.
   Meets with GEO 6210. See GEO 6210 for course description.

5220  Seismology II: Exploration and Engineering Seismology (3) Recommended Prerequisites: GEO 5210 and 5320.
   Propagation of reflected and refracted waves in layered media. Processing and interpretation of seismic reflection and refraction data with applications to petroleum exploration, engineering properties for structures and geological hazard assessment. Field and laboratory exercises. Meets with GEO 6222, 7222.

5230  Physical Fields I: Gravity, Magnetics, and Thermal Physics (3) Recommended Prerequisites: MATH 3150 and PHYCS 2220.
   Measurement and theory of gravity and magnetic fields of the earth; small- to large-scale gravity and magnetic anomalies in exploration and global geophysics; reduction of gravity and magnetic data and forward modeling; applications to exploration, tectonics, and environmental problems. Thermal properties, temperatures, and heat transfer within the context of global geological and geophysical processes, such as plate tectonics and sedimentary basin evolution. Two lectures, one lab weekly. Two weekend exercises. Meets with GEO 6230.

5240  Physical Fields II: Electromagnetic Methods (3) Recommended Prerequisites: MATH 3150 and PHYCS 2220.
   General concepts of electromagnetic field behavior. Electromagnetic properties of rocks. Direct current methods, natural-field electromagnetic methods, magnetotelluric field, numerical modeling, magnetotelluric survey methods. Controlled source electromagnetic methods, electromagnetic sounding and profiling. Computer simulation and interpretation of electromagnetic geophysical data. Meets with GEO 6240.

5250  Inversion Theory and Applications (3) Recommended Prerequisites: MATH 3150 and PHYCS 2220.
   Forward and inverse problems in geophysics. Uniqueness and instability in the solution of inverse problems. Ill-posed problems and methods of their solution. The regularization method. Linearized inversion technique. Principles of discrete inverse theory. Nonlinear inversion technique. Gradient type methods, regularized Newton, and conjugate gradient methods. Computer simulation of geophysical inverse problem solution using regularization method. Meets with GEO 6250, 7250.

5260  Petrophysics and Well Logging (2) Recommended Prerequisite: GEO 1110 and PHYCS 2220.
   Petrophysical links between geophysical and geological variables. Principles and applications of downhole logging tools. Geophysical, geological, and geological engineering interpretation of logging and other borehole data. Meets with GEO 6260.

5270  Applied and Engineering Geomorphology-Geology (3) Prerequisite: GEO 1110 or equivalent.
   Introduction to, and application of, methods and techniques of geomorphology and Quaternary geology used to identify geological hazards. Recognition and mapping of land slides, debris flows, and active faults and folds. Analysis of fluvial and coastal landforms for evidence of geological hazards including flooding, tsunami inundation and tectonic activity. Use of maps, airphotos, satellite imagery, LIDAR and GPS instrumentation in applied geomorphology. Introduction to deterministic and probabilistic hazards analysis.

5280  Ichnology (3) Recommended Prerequisite: GEO 3180. Recommended Co-requisite: GEO 5760.
   Paleoecologic and sedimentologic approaches to the study of animal-sediment relationships and biogenic sedimentary structures (trace fossils). Two lectures/discussions, one lab or field trip weekly. Meets with GEO 6280, 7280.

5310  Heat and Fluids (3) Recommended Prerequisites: MATH 3150 and PHYCS 2220.
   Heat and fluid transport within the context of geological processes. Theory, material properties, and modeling. Applications include sea-floor spreading with hydrothermal circulation, plate subduction and magnetic arcs, magma chambers, debris and lava flows, contact and regional metamorphism, faulting, sediment transport, and sedimentary basin evolution. Meets with GEO 6310, 7310.

5320  Signal and Image Processing in the Geosciences (3) Prerequisite: Some experience with linear algebra and PDE's.
   Analysis of linear systems and processing of continuous and discrete signals to solve imaging problems in geophysics, remote sensing, and geological engineering. Theory and computer implementations of Fourier transform, wavelet transform, morphological processing, edge detection, linear-system response, waveform sampling, fast Fourier transform, digital filtering, and spectral analysis. Half of the course will be devoted to processing multidimensional images obtained from satellites and seismic surveys. Meets with GEO 6320, 7320.

5330  Earthquake Seismology and Hazard Assessment (3) Recommended Prerequisites: GEO 5210 and 5320 and MATH 3150.
   Earthquake physics and methods of earthquake hazard assessment, earthquake mechanics; wave propagation, instrumentation, surface waves, interpretation of seismograms and earthquake location methods. A special section of the course can be taken separately that focuses on earthquake risk assessment including use of fault, earthquake history, strong ground motion, attenuation, and principles of deterministic and probabilistic earthquake risk assessment. Homework will emphasize computational and interpretational methods and will require computer skills in Fortran and Matlab or Maple. Meets with GEO 6330, 7330.

5340  System Dynamics and Environmental Policy (3) Cross listed as CMP 5370.
   Environmental policy design requires an understanding of human interactions with environmental systems. It requires an accounting of the complexities of behavior, context and policy. These complexities often produce indirect and unanticipated consequences. They yield unexpected patterns and counter-intuitive results. Students from many academic fields learn user-friendly software (STELLA) to do environmental policy simulation without proficiency in advanced mathematics. Students use computer simulations to sort out environmental complexities; transform group perceptions into simulation models; apply principles of environmental management; test policy effects and define possible pathways for future policy change. Meets with CVEEN 6660 and URBPL 6370.

5341  Complexity and Systems Thinking (3) Cross listed as CMP 5371.
   Meets with CVEEN 6661, GEO 6341. Using actual clients and a systems thinking approach, multi-disciplinary student teams resolve real world problems in environmental sustainability. Student teams define system structures, feedback loops, counter-intuitive relationships and the unintended consequences of policy decisions. Students having completed "System Dynamics and Environmental Policy" get to apply their experience in systems modeling in support of team efforts in full-scale, practical problem solving. Possible topics include: urban growth, drinking water, energy resources, air/water quality and environmental justice. Meets with CVEEN 6661, GEO 6341.

5350  Groundwater (3) Prerequisite: MATH 1220. Recommended Prerequisite: GEO 1110.
   Fundamental physics and mathematical models of ground-water flow with selected applications in the earth sciences and engineering. Specific topics include Darcy's Law, fluid storage, equations of flow, aquifer evaluation methods, and the role of ground water in geotechnical and geologic problems. Meets with GEO 6350, 7350.

5360  Fluid Dynamics of Earth Materials (3) Prerequisites: MATH 2250 and CVEEN 2110 or permission of instructor.
   Derivation of the Navier-Stokes equations of fluid motion and momentum transport. Application to fundamental problems of Earth science and engineering design. Two lectures, one lab weekly. Meets with GEO 6360, 7360.

5370  Contaminant Partitioning for Engineers and Scientists (3) Prerequisites: CHEM 1210, 1220 or consent of instructor.
   Molecular basis for the physical and chemical behavior of organic chemicals in air, water, soil, as well as within our own bodies. Relation of contaminant structure and chemistry to distribution within the environment. Contaminant transport, origins of contaminants at contaminated sites, and remedial technologies for cleanup. Meets with GEO 6370, 7370.

5385  Introduction to Groundwater Modeling (1) Prerequisite: GEO 5350 or equivalent. Corequisite: GEO 5390.
   Meets with GEO 6385. Fundamentals of groundwater flow and transport modeling will be introduced in the computer laboratory using hands-on exercises performed with the Groundwater Modeling System (GMS) and the U.S.G.S. groundwater models MODFLOW, MODPATH, and FEMWATER. By the end of the 5-week short-course, each student should understand the assumptions and limitations of the modeling approach and be able to create, run and interpret the results of 2-D groundwater flow and transport simulations using GMS. Topics covered include: defining mathematical/numerical equivalents to real world problems, finite difference method, finite element method and sensitivity studies.

5390  Solute Transport and Subsurface Remediation (3) Prerequisites: GEO 3080, 3090, 3400, 5350, 5360, 5370. Co- or pre-requisite: GEO 5385, 5500. Non Geological Engineers lacking some of these pre-requisites may enroll with the consent of the instructor.
   Meets with GEO 6390, 7390. Application of principles of ground water hydrology and contaminant chemistry in the quantification and characterization of physical, chemical and biological processes influencing subsurface hazardous waste. Topics include: quantification of advective-dispersive transport of conservative and reactive solutes, transport in granular and fractured media, application of environmental regulations and toxicological parameters, design of air-stripping, carbon adsorption, soil vapor extraction, surfactant enhanced extraction, bio-venting, bio-augmentation, solidification, and capture systems. Class project involves design of remediation system for a hypothetical site.

5420  Vertebrate Paleontology and Evolution (3) Cross listed as BIOL 5401.
   Survey of the diversity of fossil vertebrates, with emphasis on skeletal morphology and systematics. Additional topics include taphonomy, functional morphology, origins of major groups (clades), tempo and mode of evolutionary change, and mass extinctions, as well as stratigraphic and biogeographic distributions viewed in the context of plate tectonics. One field trip. Meets with GEO 6420.

5450  Ore Genesis and Mineral Exploration (3) Recommended Prerequisite: GEO 3080.
   Ore-forming processes, magma differentiation, hydrothermal systems, sedimentation and metamorphism. Hand-specimen and thin-section examination of fresh and altered host rocks. Microscope study of ore minerals with polished-surface preparations. Identification, textures, structures, associations, and sequence of mineral deposition with problem-solving philosophy. Exploration algorithm, design, and execution of geologic programs and applications of geologic principles in regional minerals search, including geochemical, geophysical, geological, and engineering methods. Field trips in Utah and adjacent states. Two lectures, one lab weekly. Meets with GEO 6451, 7451.

5470  Stable Isotopes in Ecosystems (3) Cross listed as BIOL 5470. Prerequisite: Instructor's consent.
   A lecture course describing the principles of stable isotope chemistry as applied to biological environments and of the contributions of stable isotope approaches to addressing ecological phenomena from cellular through global levels. Meets with GEO 6470, 7470.

5480  Landslides and Slope Stability (3)
   Topics covered in this course: principles, definitions, triggering mechanisms and processes of landslides, influence of geological history and uncertainties in soil strength parameters, deterministic and probabilistic approaches in landslide hazard assessment, back analysis of slope failures, linear and non linear failure envelopes in slope stability analysis, seismic aspects of slope stability, earthquake-induced catastrophic landslides in liquefiable soils, rainfall-induced shallow landslides on steep slopes, field instrumentation, remedial measures, case studies.

5495  Biophysical Ecology (4) Cross listed as ATMOS 5495, BIOL 5495. Fulfills Quantitative Intensive BS.
   This quantitative-intensive lecture and laboratory course will examine the physical environment (light, wind, temperature, humidity) in which plants, animals, and soil organisms live, how the physical environment affects their physiological function, and how organisms in turn affect their physical environment.

5510  Introduction to Petroleum Systems: PICP 1a (1.5) Prerequisite: GEO 5760 or equivalent.
   Meets with GEO 6510. This entry level course in the Petroleum Industry Career Path (PICP), with an introduction to petroleum systems components including source, reservoir, seal, trap, and generation-migration-accumulation processes. Class discussions, presentations, and readings revolve around a required weekend field trip to investigate outcrop and subcrop expressions and field relationships of an active petroleum system (e.g., the Sevier foreland basin and overthrust belt). Industry experts and guest speakers are an integral part of the course. Projects will cover a diverse industry dataset (outcrop observations, seismic, well-log, core, bulk and organic geochemical, and outcrop data) to advise on exploration strategies in both established and frontier basins. Offered first half of fall semester.

5520  Introduction to Petroleum Systems: PICP 1b (1.5) Prerequisite: GEO 5510.
   Meets with GEO 6520. A continuation of GEO 5510, this Petroleum Industry Career Path (PICP) course expands on lessons learned in PICP 1a to include a more comprehensive evaluation of hydrocarbon exploration and production methods. Industry datasets provide real-world experience with typical petroleum datasets and their associated challenges. Includes an introduction to borehole tools and well log interpretations. Integration of multidisciplinary techniques is emphasized and both conventional and unconventional resources are examined. Course includes a field trip and quest speakers from the petroleum industry. This applied course will also address business and engineering aspects of hydrocarbon exploration and production. Offered second half of fall semester, following PICP 1a.

5525  Seismic Acquisition and Procession: PICP 2a (1.5) Prerequisite: GEO 5520.
   Meets with GEO 6525. This third course in the Petroleum Industry Career Path (PICP) curriculum provides and introduction to reflection seismology as it relates to subsurface imaging for hydrocarbon exploration. Topics include wave theory, acoustic rock properties, acquisition methods, and fundamentals of digital seismic signal processing including data filtering and deconvolution, stacking and velocity analysis, and migration methods. Industry datasets and software are incorporated in lab exercises. Offered first half of spring semester.

5530  Geological Interpretation of Seismic Reflection Data: PICP 2b (1.5) Prerequisite: GEO 5525.
   Meets with GEO 6530. A continuation of GEO 5525, this Petroleum Industry Career Path (PICP) course covers the basic principles of geologic interpretation of seismic reflection data, including potential pitfalls that all seismic interpreters should consider. Laboratory and in-class exercises will use real petroleum industry software and datasets - including both 2D paper lines and some experience with 3D workstation data - and emphasize practical applications of theories introduced in class. Labs will cover integration of outcrop and well-log data with seismic data (including synthetics), mapping and contouring techniques, and fundamentals of seismic stratigraphy, all with direct implications of hydrocarbon exploration. Offered second half of spring semester, following PICP 2a.

5535  Advanced Petroleum Systems: PICP Capstone (3) Prerequisite: GEO 5530.
   Meets with GEO 6535. This capstone course presents an open-ended petroleum exploration scenario where students must apply the methods and approaches encountered in previous PICP offerings. Industry-standard software will be used in a collaborative, team-based working environment to identify prospects from an industry dataset. Students will rely on their fundamental knowledge of geology and geophysics to generate prospects and will investigate the impact of (1) hydrocarbon in place estimation methods and other reservoir engineering concepts, (2) risk evaluation, and (3) economics, land issues and legal implications of evaluating petroleum plays and prospects. student teams will prepare competitive technical evaluations to a panel of industry judges, including participation in the AAPG-IBA.

5560  Numerical Methods in the Geosciences (2)
   Meets with GEO 6560. Application of common numerical methods to problems in geology, hydrology, and geochemistry. Topics include error analysis, roots of equations, solution of differential equations, and finite difference methods. Additional work will be required of students registered for 6560.

5565  Digital Mapping and GIS in the Geosciences (2) Recommended Prerequisite: GEO 1110 and 1115 or equivalent.
   Meets with GEO 6565. Introduction of coordinate systems and projections, digital elevation data and mapping. Analysis of geologic and hydrologic systems and data within a GIS context. Additional work will be required of students registered for 6565.

5660  Geochemistry (3) Recommended Prerequisites: GEO 1110 and CHEM 1220.
   Geochemistry of the Earth and Earth processes, low temperature geochemistry, applications of thermodynamics to geologic problems. Meets with GEO 6660, 7660.

5665  Computational Paleophysiology (3) Cross listed as BIOL 5665. Prerequisite: CHEM 1210, MATH 1210, AND PHYS 2210.
   This course examines the methods scientists use to 'put flesh on the bones' of extinct animals. It is designed to give students the quantitative tools needed to build computational models that reconstruct the biology of extinct organisms as well as to teach them how to frame hypotheses, select appropriate methods for investigating hypotheses, analyze data, write a scientific paper, and communicate findings as an oral presentation. the class emphasizes project-based learning. The course includes a field trip and the dates are TBA. Instructor's permission is required. Click the course name above for application information. For questions contact Biology Advising 581-6244.

5670  Isotope Tracers in Earth Science (3) Recommended Prerequisites: GEO 3090 and 5660.
   Principles of stable isotope fractionation. Overview and interpretation of stable isotope variations in the Earth's lithosphere, hydrosphere, biosphere, and atmosphere. Applications of isotopes to track and evaluate geologic, physical, geochemical, and geobiochemical processes in and on the Earth. Two lectures, one lab weekly. Meets with GEO 6670.

5690  Aqueous Geochemistry for Engineers and Scientists (3) Prerequisites: CHEM 1210, 1220 or consent of instructor.
   Thermodynamic and transport properties of inorganic and organic aqueous solutes in applied contexts involving contaminant accumulation and transport. Mineral solubilities, phase equilibria, redox processes, heterogenous kinetics, and irreversible mass transfer are examined via theory and hands-on geochemical modeling to support engineered solutions to contamination problems. Meets with GEO 6690.

5760  Stratigraphy and Sedimentary Processes (4) Prerequisite: GEO 3090. Recommended Prerequisite: GEO 3060.
   Sedimentary processes that erode, transport, and deposit sediments; characteristics and origins of sedimentary rocks; and principles of stratigraphy. Field trips required. Three lectures, one discussion weekly.

5780  Micropaleontology (3) Recommended Prerequisite: GEO 3180.
   Biology, ecology, biostratigraphy, and special research applications of major microfossil groups. Light and electron microscopy of nannofossils and microfossils. Three lectures weekly. Meets with GEO 6780, 7780.

5900  Internship (1 to 3)
   Student internships and work experience in geoscience related jobs. This cooperative education program is available to GEO majors.

5920  Special Topics (0.5 to 3)
   Investigation of specific geoscience problems. See GEO 6920 for topic areas.

6060  Advanced Structural Geology (3) Recommended Prerequisite: GEO 3060.
   Meets with GEO 5065. Quantitative analysis of Earth structures including two- and three-dimensional geometrical modeling, processes of brittle and ductile deformation, and response of rocks to static and dynamic stress fields. Applications to regional tectonics and landscape evolution, earthquake mechanics, hydrology-petroleum geology, engineering geology and mineral exploration. Two lectures, one lab per week.

6061  Global Geophysics (3) Prerequisite: Graduate standing required.
   Meets with GEO 5060; additional work required of graduate students. See GEO 5060 for course description.

6070  Tectonics of Orogenic Belt (3) Prerequisite: Graduate standing required.
   Meets with GEO 5070; additional work required of graduate students. See GEO 5070 for course description.

6110  Advanced Igneous Processes (3) Recommended Prerequisite: GEO 5110.
   Topics related to igneous processes, including magma-generation thermal and transport properties, and differentiation mechanisms. Volcanic process topics including the role of volatiles, eruption mechanisms, and depositional regimes.

6120  Geochemical Thermodynamics and Transport (3) Prerequisite: Graduate standing required.
   Meets with GEO 5120 and GEO 7120; additional work required of graduate students. See GEO 5120 for course description.

6150  Geological Engineering Design (4)
   Meets with GEO 5150. Comprehensive design experience in the field of geo-engineering, starting from the design of a site investigation and its cost estimate, and continuing with the analysis of site investigation data, and their use in students term project. Reliability-based design levels I, II and III, AASHTO LRFD as an example of design code. Slope stabilization methods, foundations on unstable slopes. Students prepare geotechnical and design reports, along with drawings in a "design studio" setting. Design process including the Environmental Impact Statement/Assessment, project formats. 2 2-hour lectures/labs with term project reviews or class design projects.

6160  Clay Mineral Geochemistry (3) Prerequisite: Graduate standing required.
   Meets with GEO 5160 and GEO 7160; additional work required of graduate students. See GEO 5160 for course description.

6180  Paleoecology (3) Prerequisite: Graduate standing required.
   Meets with GEO 5180 and GEO 7180; additional work required of graduate students. See GEO 5180 for course description.

6190  Marine Geology (3) Prerequisite: Graduate standing required.
   Meets with GEO 5190 and GEO 7190; additional work required of graduate students. See GEO 5190 for course description.

6200  Depositional Environments (1.5) Cross listed as GEO 7200. Recommended Prerequisite: GEO 3090.
   Graduate standing required. Meets with GEO 5200; additional work required of graduate students. Physical and chemical factors related to deposition and lithification of sedimentary material; significant aspects of major sedimentary environments, with emphasis on interpretation and recognition. Three lectures weekly.

6210  Paleomagnetism (3) Prerequisite: Graduate standing required. Recommended Prerequisite: MATH 1220 and PHYS 2220.
   Earth's main magnetic field and magnetic field reversals; physical basis of rock magnetism; establishment of the geomagnetic reversal time scale; applications of paleomagnetism and rock magnetism to dating, plate motions, regional tectonics, and paleoclimate. One field exercise. Meets with GEO 5211.

6211  Seismology I (3) Prerequisite: Graduate standing required.
   Meets with GEO 5210; additional work required of graduate students. See GEO 5210 for course description.

6220  Theoretical Seismology (3) Recommended Prerequisite: GEO 5320 and 5330 and MATH 3150 and 3160.
   Advanced studies in seismic wave propagation including elastodynamics, representation theory, moment tensors, effects of boundaries on propagation, asymptotic ray theory, plane wave decomposition, full wave theory (Cagniard de Hoop), and reflectivity. Synthetic seismogram formulation. Meets with GEO 7220.

6222  Seismology II: Exploration and Engineering Seismology (3) Prerequisite: M.S. status
   Propagation of reflected and refracted waves in layered media. Processing and interpretation of seismic reflection and refraction data with applications to petroleum exploration, engineering properties for structures and geological hazard assessment. Field and laboratory exercises. Meets with GEO 5220 and GEO 7222, additional coursework required from graduate students.

6230  Physical Fields I (3) Prerequisite: Graduate standing required.
   Meets with GEO 5230; additional work required of graduate students. See GEO 5230 for course description.

6240  Physical Fields II: Electromagnetic Methods (3) Prerequisite: Graduate standing required.
   Meets with GEO 5240; additional work required of graduate students. See GEO 5240 for course description.

6250  Inversion Theory and Applications (3) Prerequisite: Graduate standing required.
   Meets with GEO 5250 and GEO 7250; additional work required of graduate students. See GEO 5250 for course description.

6260  Petrophysics and Well Logging (2) Prerequisite: Graduate standing required.
   Meets with GEO 5260; additional work required of graduate students. See GEO 5260 for course description.

6270  Applied & Engineering Geomorphology (3) Prerequisite: GEO 1110 or equivalent.
   Introduction to and application of, methods and techniques of geomorphology & Quaternary geology used to identify geological hazards. Recognition & mapping of land slides, debris lows and active faults and folds. Analysis of fluvial ad coastal landforms for evidence of geological hazards including flooding, tsunami inundation and tectonic activity. Use of maps, airphotos, satellite imagery, LIDAR and GPS instrumentation in applied geomorphology. Introduction to deterministic and probabilistic hazards analysis.

6280  Ichnology (3) Prerequisite: Graduate standing required.
   Meets with GEO 5280 and GEO 7280; additional work required of graduate students. See GEO 5280 for course description.

6310  Heat and Fluids (3) Prerequisite: Graduate standing required.
   Meets with GEO 5310 and GEO 7310; additional work required of graduate students. See GEO 5310 for course description.

6320  Signal and Image Processing in the Geosciences (3) Prerequisite: M.S. status
   Meets with GEO 5320 and GEO 7320, additional coursework required from graduate students. Analysis of linear systems and processing of continuous and discrete signals to solve imaging problems in geophysics, remote sensing, and geological engineering. Theory and computer implementations of Fourier transform, wavelet transform, morphological processing, edge detection, linear-system response, waveform sampling, fast Fourier transform, digital filtering, and spectral analysis. Half of the course will be devoted to processing multidimensional images obtained from satellites and seismic surveys.

6330  Earthquake Seismology and Risk Assessment (3) Prerequisite: Graduate standing required.
   Meets with GEO 5330 and GEO 7330; additional work required of graduate students. See GEO 5330 for course description.

6340  System Dynamics and Environmental Policy (3) Cross listed as CVEEN 6660, CMP 6370, REDEV 6370.
   Environmental policy design requires an understanding of human interactions with environmental systems. It requires an accounting of the complexities of behavior, context and policy. These complexities often produce indirect and unanticipated consequences. They yield unexpected patterns and counter-intuitive results. Students from many academic fields learn user-friendly software (STELLA) to do environmental policy simulation without proficiency in advanced mathematics. Students use computer simulations to sort out environmental complexities; transform group perceptions into simulation models; apply principles of environmental management; test policy effects and define possible pathways for future policy change.

6341  Complexity and Systems Thinking (3) Cross listed as CMP 6371, REDEV 6371.
   Using a systems thinking approach to conceptualize complex problems, multi-disciplinary student teams resolve real world problems in maintaining system resiliency, stability, diversity, and sustainability. Student teams define/discover system structures, feedback loops, counter-intuitive outcomes and the unintended consequences of policy decisions. Topics of analysis include: urban growth, land use and transportation, renewable and non-renewable resources, environmental justice, and the dynamics of human administrative systems. Meets with GEO 5341.

6350  Groundwater (3) Prerequisite: Graduate standing required.
   Meets with GEO 5350 and GEO 7350; additional work required of graduate students. See GEO 5350 for course description.

6360  Fluid Dynamics of Earth Materials (3) Prerequisite: Graduate standing required.
   Meets with GEO 5360 and GEO 7360; additional work required of graduate students. See GEO 5360 for course description.

6370  Contaminant Partitioning for Engineers and Scientists (3) Prerequisites: CHEM 1210, 1220 or consent of instructor.
   Meets with GEO 5370 and GEO 7370; additional work required of graduate students. Molecular basis for the physical and chemical behavior of organic chemicals in air, water, soil, as well as within our own bodies. Relation of contaminant structure and chemistry to distribution within the environment. Contaminant transport, origins of contaminants at contaminated sites, and remedial technologies for cleanup.

6385  Introduction to Groundwater Modeling (1) Prerequisite: GEO 5350 or equivalent. Corequisite: GEO 5390.
   Meets with GEO 5385; additional work required of graduate students. Fundamentals of groundwater flow and transport modeling will be introduced in the computer laboratory using hands-on exercises performed with the Groundwater Modeling System (GMS) and the U.S.G.S. groundwater models MODFLOW, MODPATH, and FEMWATER. By the end of the 5-week short-course, each student should understand the assumptions and limitations of the modeling approach and be able to create, run and interpret the results of 2-D groundwater flow and transport simulations using GMS. Topics covered include: defining mathematical/numerical equivalents to real world problems, finite difference method, finite element method and sensitivity studies.

6390  Solute Transport and Subsurface Remediation (3) Prerequisites: GEO 3080, 3090, 3400, 5350, 5360, 5370. Co- or pre-requisite: GEO 5385, 5500. Non Geological Engineers lacking some of these pre-requisites may enroll with the consent of the instructor.
   Application of principles of ground water hydrology and contaminant chemistry in the quantification and characterization of physical, chemical and biological processes influencing subsurface hazardous waste. Topics include: quantification of advective-dispersive transport of conservative and reactive solutes, transport in granular and fractured media, application of environmental regulations and toxicological parameters, design of air-stripping, carbon adsorption, soil vapor extraction, surfactant enhanced extraction, bio-venting, bio-augmentation, solidification, and capture systems. Class project involves design of remediation system for a hypothetical site.

6420  Vertebrate Paleontology and Evolution (3) Prerequisite: Graduate standing required.
   Meets with GEO 5420; additional work required of graduate students. See GEO 5420 for course description.

6450  Advanced Mineral Deposits (3) Recommended Prerequisite: Graduate standing and GEO 5450.
   Mineral deposits and models, both theoretical and actual. Advanced instrumental methods for determining geologic parameters of mineral deposits, with problem-solving philosophy. Two lectures, one lab weekly. Field trips in Utah and adjacent states. Meets with GEO 7450.

6451  Ore Genesis and Mineral Exploration (3) Prerequisite: Graduate standing required.
   Meets with GEO 5450 and GEO 7451; additional work required of graduate students. See GEO 5450 for course description.

6470  Stable Isotope Ecology (3) Prerequisite: Instructor's consent.
   Meets with GEO 5470 and GEO 7470. A lecture course describing the principles of stable isotope chemistry as applied to biological environments and of the contributions of stable isotope approaches to addressing ecological phenomena from cellular through global levels. Open only through DCE as a contract course. Credit only. Offered each summer. Limited to 18 students. Two weeks intensive.

6475  Stable Isotope Ecology Laboratory (3) Cross listed as BIOL 7475. Prerequisite: Instructor's consent.
   A laboratory course in stable isotope ecology involving experimental design, experimental methodologies, and instrument use. This course involves learning how to operate state-of- the-art isotope ratio mass spectrometers and associated peripherals. Course for credit only. Two wk intensive.

6480  Landslides and Slope Stability (3) Cross listed as GEO 7480.
   Topics covered in this course: principles, definitions, triggering mechanisms and processes of landslides, influence of geological history and uncertainties in soil strength parameters, deterministic and probabilistic approaches in landslide hazard assessment, back analysis of slope failures, linear and non linear failure envelopes in slope stability analysis, seismic aspects of slope stability, earthquake-induced catastrophic landslides in liquefiable soils, rainfall-induced shallow landslides on steep slopes, field instrumentation, remedial measures, case studies.

6510  Introduction to Petroleum Systems: PICP 1a (1.5) Prerequisite: GEO 5760 or equivalent.
   Meets with GEO 6510. This entry level course in the Petroleum Industry Career Path (PICP), with an introduction to petroleum systems components including source, reservoir, seal, trap, and generation-migration-accumulation processes. Class discussions, presentations, and readings revolve around a required weekend field trip to investigate outcrop and subcrop expressions and field relationships of an active petroleum system (e.g., the Sevier foreland basin and overthrust belt). Industry experts and guest speakers are an integral part of the course. Projects will cover a diverse industry dataset (outcrop observations, seismic, well-log, core, bulk and organic geochemical, and outcrop data) to advise on exploration strategies in both established and frontier basins. Offered first half of fall semester.

6520  Introduction to Petroleum Systems: PICP 1b (1.5) Prerequisite: GEO 6510.
   Meets with GEO 5520. A continuation of GEO 5510, this Petroleum Industry Career Path (PICP) course expands on lessons learned in PICP 1a to include a more comprehensive evaluation of hydrocarbon exploration and production methods. Industry datasets provide real-world experience with typical petroleum datasets and their associated challenges. Includes an introduction to borehole tools and well log interpretations. Integration of multidisciplinary techniques is emphasized and both conventional and unconventional resources are examined. Course includes a field trip and quest speakers from the petroleum industry. This applied course will also address business and engineering aspects of hydrocarbon exploration and production. Offered second half of fall semester, following PICP 1a.

6525  Seismic Acquisition and Processing: PICP 2a (1.5) Prerequisite: GEO 6520.
   Meets with GEO 5525. This third course in the Petroleum Industry Career Path (PICP) curriculum provides and introduction to reflection seismology as it relates to subsurface imaging for hydrocarbon exploration. Topics include wave theory, acoustic rock properties, acquisition methods, and fundamentals of digital seismic signal processing including data filtering and deconvolution, stacking and velocity analysis, and migration methods. Industry datasets and software are incorporated in lab exercises. Offered first half of spring semester.

6530  Geologic Interpretation of Seismic Reflection Data: PICP 2b (1.5) Prerequisite: GEO 6525.
   Meets with GEO 5530. A continuation of GEO 6525, this Petroleum Industry Career Path (PICP) course covers the basic principles of geologic interpretation of seismic reflection data, including potential pitfalls that all seismic interpreters should consider. Laboratory and in-class exercises will use real petroleum industry software and datasets - including both 2D paper lines and some experience with 3D workstation data - and emphasize practical applications of theories introduced in class. Labs will cover integration of outcrop and well-log data with seismic data (including synthetics), mapping and contouring techniques, and fundamentals of seismic stratigraphy, all with direct implications of hydrocarbon exploration. Offered second half of spring semester, following PICP 2a.

6535  Advanced Petroleum Systems: PICP Capstone (3) Prerequisite: GEO 6530.
   Meets with GEO 5535. This capstone course presents an open-ended petroleum exploration scenario where students must apply the methods and approaches encountered in previous PICP offerings. Industry-standard software will be used in a collaborative, team-based working environment to identify prospects from an industry dataset. Students will rely on their fundamental knowledge of geology and geophysics to generate prospects and will investigate the impact of (1) hydrocarbon in place estimation methods and other reservoir engineering concepts, (2) risk evaluation, and (3) economics, land issues and legal implications of evaluating petroleum plays and prospects. student teams will prepare competitive technical evaluations to a panel of industry judges, including participation in the AAPG-IBA.

6550  Environmental Geochemistry (3) Recommended Prerequisite: GEO 5660.
   Readings and discussions of advanced topics in geochemistry.

6560  Numerical Methods in the Geosciences (2) Prerequisite: GEO 3400 or one computer programming course.
   Meets GEO 5560. Application of common numerical methods to problems in geology, hydrology, and geochemistry. Topics include error analysis, roots of equations, solutions of differential equations, and finite difference methods. Additional work will be required of students registered for 6560.

6565  Digital Mapping and GIS in the Geosciences (2) Recommended Prerequisite: GEO 1110 and 1115 or equivalent.
   Meets with GEO 5565. Introduction of coordinate systems and projections, digital elevation data and mapping. Analysis of geologic and hydrologic systems and data within a GIS context. Additional work will be required of students registered for 6565.

6600  Fundamentals of Engineering Rock Mechanics (3) Prerequisite: GEO 3075, CVEEN 3320, MG EN 5290 or ME EN 5510 or Instructor's Approval.
   This course explores the nature of rocks and rock masses as construction, foundation or engineering materials. Topics covered include: physical properties of intact rocks; stresses and strains; in situ stresses and stress measurements; thermal, hydraulic and mechanical properties of rock and rock masses; applications of theory of elasticity in rock mechanics; rock discontinuities; analytical methods for discontinua (Block Theory); numerical methods for continua and discontinua; rock slope engineering and underground excavations in rock.

6660  Geochemistry (3) Prerequisite: Graduate standing required.
   Meets with GEO 5660 and GEO 7660; additional work required of graduate students. See GEO 5660 for course description.

6665  Computational Paleophysiology (3) Cross listed as BIOL 6665.
   Meets with BIOL 5665 and GEO 5665. This course examines the methods scientists use to 'put flesh on the bones' of extinct animals. It is designed to give students the quantitative tools needed to build computational models that reconstruct the biology of extinct organisms as well as to teach them how to frame hypotheses, select appropriate methods for investigating hypotheses, analyze data, write a scientific paper, and communicate findings as an oral presentation. the class emphasizes project-based learning. The course includes a field trip and the dates are TBA. Instructor's permission is required. Click the course name above for application information. For questions contact Biology Advising 581-6244.

6670  Isotope Tracers in Earth Science (3) Prerequisite: Graduate standing required.
   Meets with GEO 5670; additional work required of graduate students. See GEO 5670 for course description.

6690  Aqueous Geochemistry for Engineers and Scientists (3) Prerequisites: CHEM 1210, 1220 or consent of instructor.
   Graduate Standing required. Thermodynamic and transport properties of inorganic and organic aqueous solutes in applied contexts involving contaminant accumulation and transport. Mineral solubilities, phase equilibria, redox processes, heterogenous kinetics, and irreversible mass transfer are examined via theory and hands-on geochemical modeling to support engineered solutions to contamination problems. Meets with GEO 5690.

6760  Advanced Sedimentology (3) Recommended Prerequisite: GEO 5760.
   Advanced topics in clastic and carbonate sedimentology and stratigraphy. Covers varying scales from petrography to basin synthesis and global change. Two lectures, one lab weekly. Meets with GEO 7760.

6770  Advanced Seismic Imaging (3)
   Introduce concepts of non-linear optimization in context of travel time and waveform seismic inversion. Topics include refraction and reflection tomography and seismic waveform inversion. Resolution of each method is discussed using slice-projection theorems, covariance matrices and generalized radon transforms. Meets with GEO 7770.

6780  Micropaleontology (3) Prerequisite: Graduate standing required.
   Meets with GEO 5780 and GEO 7780; additional work required of graduate students. See GEO 5780 for course description.

6920  Special Topics (1 to 3)
   Upon graduate student request, special seminars may be taught by the following faculty in the areas of indicated specialization: J.M. Bartley, structural geology; J.R. Bowman, isotope geology and metamorphic petrology; F.H. Brown, geochronology and petrology; R.L. Bruhn, structural and engineering geology; T.E. Cerling, geochemistry; M.A. Chan, sedimentology and stratigraphy; D.S. Chapman, heat flow and regional tectonics; A.A. Ekdale, invertebrate paleontology and paleoecology; S.L. Halgedahl, rock magnetism; R.D. Jarrard, downhole, geophysical measurements; P.W. Jewell, hydrology and fluid dynamics; C. Johnson, sedimentology, tectonics; W.P. Johnson, geological engineering; B.P. Nash, igneous petrology, volcanology; J.C. Pechmann, earthquake seismology; E.U. Petersen, economic geology; P.H. Roth, micropaleontology and paleoceanography; G.T. Schuster, reflection seismology; R.B. Smith, seismology and tectonophysics; D.K. Solomon, geological engineering, hydrology; F. Tonon, geological engineering, uncertainty modeling; M.S. Zhdanov, geophysical field theory.

6950  Reviews in Earth Science (2)
   Review of selected topics encompassing a broad spectrum of disciplines within Earth science. Seminar format emphasizes developing communications skills, teamwork, and collegiality. Required for all students in first year of M.S. programs in Department of Geology and Geophysics. One two-hour meeting weekly.

6960  Masters of Engineering Special Project (1 to 6)
   Research for Masters of Engineering Project

6970  Thesis Research: Master's (1 to 12)
   Also appropriate for M.E. research.

6980  Faculty Consultation (3)

7120  Geochemical Thermodynamics and Transport (3) Prerequisite: Graduate Standing Required.
   Meets with GEO 5120 and GEO 6120; additional work required of graduate students. See GEO 5120 for course description.

7200  Depositional Environments (1.5) Cross listed as GEO 6200. Recommended Prerequisite: GEO 3090.
   Graduate standing required. Meets with GEO 5200; additional work required of graduate students. Physical and chemical factors related to deposition and lithification of sedimentary material; significant aspects of major sedimentary environments, with emphasis on interpretation and recognition. Three lectures weekly.

7220  Theoretical Seismology (3) Prerequisite: Ph.D. students only.
   Meets with GEO 6220; additional work required of graduate students. See GEO 6220 for course description.

7360  Fluid Dynamics of Earth Materials (3) Prerequisite: Graduate standing required.
   Meets with GEO 5360 and GEO 6360; additional work required of graduate students. See GEO 5360 for course description.

7390  Solute Transport and Subsurface Remediation (3) Prerequisites: GEO 3080, 3090, 3400, 5350, 5360, 5370. Co- or pre-requisite: GEO 5385, 5500. Non Geological Engineers lacking some of these pre-requisites may enroll with the consent of the instructor.
   Application of principles of ground water hydrology and contaminant chemistry in the quantification and characterization of physical, chemical and biological processes influencing subsurface hazardous waste. Topics include: quantification of advective-dispersive transport of conservative and reactive solutes, transport in granular and fractured media, application of environmental regulations and toxicological parameters, design of air-stripping, carbon adsorption, soil vapor extraction, surfactant enhanced extraction, bio-venting, bio-augmentation, solidification, and capture systems. Class project involves design of remediation system for a hypothetical site.

7450  Advanced Mineral Deposits (3) Prerequisite: Ph.D. students only.
   Meets with GEO 6450; see GEO 6450 for course description.

7480  Landslides and Slope Stability (3) Cross listed as GEO 6480.
   Topics covered in this course: principles, definitions, triggering mechanisms and processes of landslides, influence of geological history and uncertainties in soil strength parameters, deterministic and probabilistic approaches in landslide hazard assessment, back analysis of slope failures, linear and non linear failure envelopes in slope stability analysis, seismic aspects of slope stability, earthquake-induced catastrophic landslides in liquefiable soils, rainfall-induced shallow landslides on steep slopes, field instrumentation, remedial measures, case studies.

7760  Advanced Sedimentology (3) Prerequisite: Ph.D. students only.
   Advanced topics in clastic and carbonate sedimentology and stratigraphy. Covers varying scales from petrography to basin synthesis and global change. Two lectures, one lab weekly. Meets with GEO 6760. Ph.D. students will be required to do additional work.

7770  Advanced Seismic Imaging (3)
   Meets with GEO 6770; see GEO 6770 for description. Ph.D. students will be required to do additional work.

7780  Micropaleontology (3) Prerequisite: Ph.D. students only.
   Meets with GEO 5780 and GEO 6780; additional work required of graduate students. See GEO 5780 for course description.

7920  Special Topics (1 to 3) Prerequisite: Ph.D. students only.
   Topics determined by faculty each semester.

7970  Thesis Research: Ph.D. (1 to 12)

7980  Faculty Consultation (3)

7990  Continuing Registration: Ph.D. (0)


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